On this episode of Shrink Rap Radio from back in December, Dr. David Van Nuys speaks with Dr. Jaak Panksepp, co-author (with psychoanalyst, Lucy Biven) of The Archeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions (2012), as well as earlier books including Affective Neuroscience: the Foundation of Human and Animal Emotions (1998), editor of a Textbook of Biological Psychiatry (2004) and seven other books.
Here is the publisher's blurb for the book:
A look at the seven emotional systems of the brain by the researcher who discovered them.It's an excellent discussion with one of the most important figures in neuroscience - enjoy.
What makes us happy? What makes us sad? How do we come to feel a sense of enthusiasm? What fills us with lust, anger, fear, or tenderness? Traditional behavioral and cognitive neuroscience have yet to provide satisfactory answers. The Archaeology of Mind presents an affective neuroscience approach—which takes into consideration basic mental processes, brain functions, and emotional behaviors that all mammals share—to locate the neural mechanisms of emotional expression. It reveals—for the first time—the deep neural sources of our values and basic emotional feelings.
This book elaborates on the seven emotional systems that explain how we live and behave. These systems originate in deep areas of the brain that are remarkably similar across all mammalian species. When they are disrupted, we find the origins of emotional disorders:
- SEEKING: how the brain generates a euphoric and expectant response
- FEAR: how the brain responds to the threat of physical danger and death
- RAGE: sources of irritation and fury in the brain
- LUST: how sexual desire and attachments are elaborated in the brain
- CARE: sources of maternal nurturance
- GRIEF: sources of non-sexual attachments
- PLAY: how the brain generates joyous, rough-and-tumble interactions
- SELF: a hypothesis explaining how affects might be elaborated in the brain
The book offers an evidence-based evolutionary taxonomy of emotions and affects and, as such, a brand-new clinical paradigm for treating psychiatric disorders in clinical practice.
Dr. Jaak Panksepp is Baily Endowed Professor of Animal Well-Being Science at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, and founder of the field of Affective Neuroscience. Along with many students and colleagues, he has published over 400 scientific articles, chapters and reviews devoted to elucidating the basic mechanisms of motivations and emotions as well as the fundamental nature of consciousness and self-representation in the brain. Along with psychoanalyst, Lucy Biven he is the author of the 2012 book The Archeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions, as well as earlier books including Affective Neuroscience: the Foundation of Human and Animal Emotions (Oxford, 1998), editor of a Textbook of Biological Psychiatry (Wiley, 2004) and seven other books.
His current research is devoted to the analysis of emotional behaviors and their relations to models of psychiatric disorders. His main research interest is unraveling the nature of primary-process emotions in the mammalian brain— SEEKING, FEAR, RAGE, LUST, CARE, PANIC and PLAY—and seeking linkages to new clinical insights. His work led to a new treatment of autistic children and current work is devoted to non-pharmacological therapies for ADHD and depression. Novel anti-depressants and anti-suicide agents are currently being clinically evaluated.
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